When Doug and Linda Smith bought Meon Orchard and its 17th century cottage 30 years ago, the garden was a neglected grass
field in which there were just 12 remaining trees. But the potential was enormous. The Smiths wanted a blank canvas on which they could design and construct their dream garden, with many plants you wouldn’t expect to be grown outside. But after the first year,
when they waited patiently, only for no plants of any interest to come up, they started all over again! Their aim was a garden that flowed visually, not broken up into different parts or ‘rooms’. The result is a succession of round lawns with island beds joined up through winding grass paths.
“The paths go off at angles, making you want to explore the garden further,” Doug says. “It makes the garden look larger, too.” The garden is close to the River Meon, which is now accessible as the Smiths have since bought the adjacent 20 acre water meadow, including half a mile along the river frontage, where you can find orchids such as Dactylorhiza incarnata. But as the land is so close to the river, it’s in a frost pocket, so they started their project by planting eucalyptus trees to create a more sheltered area.
“We wanted fast-growing evergreens giving us height,” Doug says. They gradually created beds one at a time and, after a while, they added a conservatory and three greenhouses, enabling them to grow an impressive collection of tender plants, which give the garden a certain flair. Interesting architectural plants such as pseudopanax, oreopanax and podocarpus among tree ferns like Dicksonia Antarctica make sure the garden has year-round interest. A mix of annual plants such as tithonia, the Mexican sunflower, cosmos, cleome, Nicotiana tabacum ‘Burley’, tender shrubs such as lantana, and perennials such as Impatiens tinctoria add intense splashes of colour in summer. Hanging baskets with rhipsalis, geraniums and begonias add further seasonal interest. Doug and Linda dug out a 60cm (2ft) deep ‘stream’, and planted it with hardy water lilies, and they transformed a small swimming pool into a fish pond.
“We’ve also got tropical water lilies, water cannas and colocasia in water filled barrels at the front of the house,” Doug says. They are among a wide range of potted succulents, such as aeonium and echeveria now and narcissus in spring. Opening the garden to the public has been a huge success, and Doug and Linda are very pleased by the (“openmouthed!”) reactions of visitors. Due to the milder climate, Doug and Linda are able to grow tender perennials such as cannas, bananas and dahlias outside, with some winter protection. Other plants, including Trachycarpus fortunei, the Chinese windmill palm, which are hardy in most parts of the UK, fit in perfectly, along with Paulownia tomentosa, the foxglove tree, pruned hard in
early spring for big foliage. As the garden doesn’t have any walls and remains relatively open, even the north-west facing area gets evening sun, and the dahlia collection does well there.
“We planted woodland plants including fatsia, mahonia, roscoea and Pseudopanax laetus in the east-facing part of the garden, which gets most shade,” Doug says. The garden is full of diversity and beauty, but for Doug and Linda it’s equally important to look after the plants carefully and make them available to others. The initial plantings of eucalyptus developed into a National Collection with more than 30 species. They include Eucalyptus nitens, a vigorous tree which can grow up to 90m (300ft) in the wild and has reached an impressive 30m in the Smiths’ garden, and Eucalyptus gregsoniana, Wolgan snow gum, a more compact eucalyptus which grows approximately 4m (13ft) high, offering a fantastic display of creamy white flowers in May. When one of the eucalyptus trees blew over during a bad gale in 2014, Linda and Doug placed four logs in the garden to sit on, and turned the stump upside down to plant it up with sedums and other small plants. They like to experiment. “Don’t read too many books,” Doug says.
This plant and scent-filled, colourful ornamental and kitchen garden in Bedfordshire is a shining example of trial and error
Susan and David Sutton’s garden has changed dramatically since they took it over in 2000. A once simple plot that previously belonged to David’s parents,has been transformed into an intricately sectioned out, bustling space, filled with scent, colour and beauty, as well as lots of tasty produce in the veg beds. As soon as they moved into their beautiful Victorian home, a palebricked, classic example of the era, they wanted to get working on the quarter-ofan- acre garden.
“There are lovely pictures of David as a youngster riding his bike on the lawn,” says Susan. “It was a spacious and simple garden, perfect for kids, just with a plain grassy area, fence and a few trees.”
It was, effectively, a blank canvas on which the Suttons could work. Not only has the garden changed a lot since those early days, but it’s also an ever evolving work in progress, with each year bringing new challenges and ideas to carry out. Susan and David threw themselves into designing and planting up the garden 17 years ago, but soon learned that it’s only ever temporary.
“Things change,” she says. “Trees grow and resulting shady spots emerge, plants crowd others, shrubs widen and lots of things need moving.”
For example, their pond became swamped by overhanging trees. “It got sludgy and was always in the shade, so last year we moved it to the other side of the garden in a sunnier spot,” says Susan.
“Often you might think some ideas work on paper, but many don’t in practice – you have to get to know your garden well over time.” They have the perfect mindset of good gardeners – that is, they’re always learning, and are happy to correct mistakes when they arise. To reduce the need for too much change, they undertake projects one at a time, thinking about how best to do things, what works and what doesn’t.
Two or three years ago the weight of the huge rose arches meant the frames collapsed. Undeterred by this, they methodically took down all the frames, laid them on their sides, trimmed away the overgrowth and put the whole structure back up again. But this time they had the inspired idea to interlace the rose varieties so they grew among each other handsomely. Last year saw some changes in the veg garden, too.
“I’ve lifted our herbs into raised beds,” says Susan. “It simply means we don’t have as far to pick them, and they now get a lot of moisture and good quality, crumbly soil. The best part is that our chickens run straight past them now and don’t stop to nibble!” There are lots of different ‘garden rooms’ with varied plant interest. Elsewhere, they’ve created a new, stylish set of triangular beds, each full of coloured and structural shrubs.
In 2003, Robert Marshall and his partner bought a house off-plan on a brand-new estate. Their dream was to create an amazing garden from scratch. They relished the challenge of designing a garden in a relatively small space with lots of unusual plants and interest throughout the seasons. They visited as many garden shows as possible and also took inspiration from several other gardens in the National Garden Scheme, with Barnsdale in nearby Rutland a particular favourite. The result is a garden that’s unexpected.
“You won’t find a traditional lawn, but this gives us more space for plants,” Robert says. Instead, there are herbaceous borders, an aquatic garden, a pergola and quite a bit of paving, although you won’t see a lot of it as it’s covered with container plants! There’s also a small greenhouse so a greater variety of plants can be grown. “I think every garden should have one,” says Robert.
“We grow a range of half-hardy exotics in the glasshouse, such as brugmansia, ginger and tibouchina, to extend the flowering period.” They’re at their best from August to October, when they’re moved out into the garden in containers. Using the same trick, Robert makes sure there’s a stunning displays of plants all year round. There’s plenty of winter and spring interest in the garden and at the moment Cyclamen coum, Daphne bholua Jacqueline Postill’, Daphne pontica, hellebores, aconites, snowdrops, hamamelis, sarcococca and camellias, flowering right up to spring, look really good. Then there are Daphne laureola ‘Margaret Mathew’, pulmonarias and daffodils flowering in February and March, among various ferns, bamboos, Arum italicum Marmoratum’ and Ophiopogon planiscapus ‘Nigrescens’. In spring, there are lamiums, flowering currants, tulips and cardamine. As soon as the plants in the ‘winter garden’ in the herbaceous borders have died down, around March, Robert will move in his extensive hosta collection, containing 250 varieties. All hostas, from the miniature ‘Pandora’s Box’ to the giant ‘Empress Wu’, are grown in containers. Plants are placed on the borders, and around them, giving the impression they’re planted.
“When the hostas have died down, we put them at the side of the house or hide them elsewhere, and replace them with other plants that have seasonal interest,” Robert says. When Robert and his partner designed the garden, they started with structural plants.
Six betula ‘Grayswood Ghost’, two fastigate hornbeams, a Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’ and a cercis planted in the ground as well as hedging, ensure the site is sheltered. “We made a list of our favourite plants and started plant hunting,” Robert explains. “It’s a pleasure to track down plants to create a garden rich in diversity. Hopefully, we can inspire other people with
Trees, hedges and tall plants give you height in your garden, which you need for structure. Don’t be afraid of trees if you have a small garden – try slow growing ones. I’m an advocate of hard surfaces in a small garden, because you can fill the space with container plants with seasonal interest. Create different habitats with a pond, trees and open areas. A small glasshouse will give you the opportunity to grow a wider variety of plants and extend the flowering period in the garden.
We have a clay soil, and even though we’ve enriched it over the years with mulch, it limits the range of plants you can grow. With container plants, however, you can cheat and create suitable conditions for different plants. With the different habitats you create, you’ll invite in variations of birdlife, such as woodpeckers, blue tits, great tits, sparrows and blackbirds.”
A look into a classically English Shropshire garden
In winter, Wollerton Garden is a subdued mix of greens, oranges and browns, holding its own with a collection of sleek, neatly clipped and well-tended yew topiary, russet hornbeam hedges and an alley of mature limes. Vertical new summer growth on the limes turns bright red in winter, shining in the seasonal sunshine. These expertly trimmed stalwart trees stand sentinel, guarding the beds of evergreen foliage, seed heads and grass stems, left in place until a new wave of early spring growth from snowdrops bursts forth.
The garden isn’t open in winter – just between April and September – but to see its wintry nooks and crannies is an insight into what can be done to keep your garden alive at this time of year. It was a chance occurrence in the early 1980s that led Lesley Jenkins to reignite her love for Wollerton, a 16th century house with adjoining sloping garden. That is, her parents lived there for a short while years before, her mother being a keen gardener. When Lesley was teaching nearby, a country lane diversion meant she had to make an unexpected trip past the house, where she noticed a ‘for sale’ sign. “It was pure serendipity,” says Lesley. “I’d always loved the place and felt drawn back. What greeted us when we moved in wasn’t the prettiest of pictures, though.”
The garden was a wild and overgrown spot, a large field that had gone to seed. It evenhad cows grazing at the end of it! A real task was ahead of Lesley and her husband John in transforming its fortunes, but one they took on with relish. “Both our mothers were wonderful gardeners, so we picked up some knowledge and enthusiasm from them. We’re not formally trained in gardening, though,” says Lesley.
It’s encouragement to us all that the Jenkins are amateurs, and yet the blank canvas they bought has been moulded by them over the years into a gleaming example of a beautiful, classic, yet forward thinking English garden. “We’re both rather passionate plants people really, and also have a bit of an eye for design, so that helps,” she says. After a short period of small island beds and lawn areas for their children’s cricket games, they set to work on how they really wanted their garden to be. Armed with baler twine, they measured out wall and bed space, and the formal garden nearest the house was born.
The wider garden is a contrasting feast of more informal planting and less strict structure, which is a treat to amble around. They were advised to open the garden for charity, then eventually as a business some years ago, which has thrived since. “The site is really lovely, and has a wonderful spirit to it, which I wanted to adhere to from the start by bringing back some of its magic,” says Lesley. Her background in theatre design led to a theatrical element being brought in – hot beds of summer perennials such as dahlias, heleniums and crocosmia with roses and fuchsias, set among banana trees. She is a fan of perennial plants, whereas John loves shrubs and trees, so he went to town with a mini arboretum of, among others, rowan, euonymus and a black walnut tree that looms large now.
“He was like a child in a sweet shop! That area needs a good sort out as it has too many overly large trees,” she says. In fact, Lesley prefers the ‘less is more’ ethos these days. Her tastes have changed and she has a clear idea of what she wants, all helped along by head gardener Phil Smith. “We’re not afraid of chopping and changing, taking walls out or adding new plants, which keeps everything fresh and evolving,” says Lesley.
There are some classic areas like the rose and sundial garden, the old garden and yew walk – not sparse but all bustling with colour and life. Novel twists among the precisely-clipped formal bushes are long areas of grass left for buzzing bees, a shady, fern-clad spot among the trees, a woodland croft walk and a riot of reds and oranges from achillea, dahlias and crocosmia, all among lime grasses in the Lanhydrock garden. Muted minimal areas soften the journey as you walk through greenery and grasses. While Lesley loves using colour as an art form in the garden, she is aware of the need for simplistic beauty. In fact, one of her favourite plants is Primula vulgaris, our native creamy-yellow common-or garden primrose, for its quiet spring charms. She has banks of them, which have self-seeded over 30 years to create a sea of scented blooms each year.
A misty winter morning, Bodnant Winter Garden looks dramatic against the backdrop of the mountains of North Wales. Three years ago, the ambitious project of creating a winter garden from an old Edwardian rockery was finally achieved. “This was an area which had been a bit neglectedbefore, but now it’s the reason that Bodnant Garden remains open in winter, too. It just gives visitors an extra reason to visit the garden, although there’s lots of winter interest in the rest of the garden as well,” head gardener John Rippin explains. At only half an acre, the winter garden is relatively small in comparison to the whole garden, which covers 80 acres, but as John says: “It’s quality, not quantity that counts.” At this time of year, the Winter Garden is a vibrant combination of the shining bark of betulas and acers, the brightly-coloured stems of dogwoods, brambles and phyllostachys and the smooth grasses. “On a frosty day when the sun is shining, the garden is transformed into a magical winter landscape,” John says. The gleaming colours of irises, cyclamen and galanthus are set off against the dark bark. “The bark mulch is our secret,” John adds.
A good quality composted pine bark stops the ground from drying out in summer and protects the roots during winter. As it’s slow to break down, it provides nutrients for the plants for years. The local acidic clay soil allows the garden to grow a wide range of ericaceous plants such as azaleas, camellias and the beautiful Bodnant. rhododendron hybrids, which you’ll find nowhere else, and the flowers of hydrangeas are turning blue due to the acidity in the soil. John and his team of 23 gardeners make the most out of the garden being situated on an old rockery. “The ups and downs of the rockery allows us to grow a variety of plants,” John says. Bulbs such as the Iris reticulata varieties and the galanthus especially benefit from being planted in sheltered pockets, plus the irises and cyclamen get a free draining soil.
After Christmas, Galanthus nivalis, Galanthus elwesii, Galanthus ‘Atkinsii’ as well as some unusual varieties like ‘Grumpy’ look splendid, as well as the irises, cyclamen and daffodils. Sweetly-scented plants are dotted all around the garden – the fragrant witch hazels with their spidery flowers, the pinkish and white flowers of Daphne bholua ‘Jacqueline Postill’ which open in January and February, and sarcococcas, which are not only in the Winter Garden but all over Bodnant Garden. There’s a sarcococca in the reception area that welcomes visitors into the garden with its beautiful scent. “The garden starts to look really good now that the structured planting is established,” John explains. However, he’s not the type to rest on his laurels: “We want to keep getting the garden better and better, and find new ways to improve it,” he says. It’s a never-ending journey, learning from problems and finding solutions.
In the beginning, the salix were eaten by rabbits, so they were replaced by dogwood, and the mice liked the crocus bulbs, so they’ve been replaced by other bulbs. There are exciting plans for the garden, too, with the extension of the snowdrop path leading into the old park and the opening of Furnace Meadow, with a variety of wild flowers to see. The Winter Garden has a contemporary style, which blends in harmoniously with the rest of Bodnant Garden, which dates back to the late 19th century and, since 1949, has been cared for by the National Trust.
A plot designed to be a wildlife wonderland
Most of us are now aware of the plight of bees that are in decline due to a combination of human and environmental factors. But this is far from the case at Old Allangrange in the Scottish Highlands. Here, wildlife of all sorts, but particularly bees, are very much welcome and planting is aimed at encouraging and supporting them. “Our garden at Old Allangrange on the Black Isle has been providing a home for birds, small mammals, bees and other invertebrates for nearly 20 years,” says owner JJ Gladwin. And thanks to JJ’s company, Black Isle Garden Design, this assistance is spreading throughout the locality. “We work towards halting and reversing the decline in local bee populations by encouraging people to create bee-friendly garden habitats. We transform dull spaces and make them more attractive for people and wildlife,” explains JJ. “Bees deserve our support and we ensure every garden we plant is designed with nectar and and pollen-rich, bee-friendly plants, and are managed using healthy, organic principles to help give bees a brighter future.”
The 17th century, lime-washed house at Old Allangrange, the colour of ripening barley when the sun shines on it, is the backdrop to this “formal-ish” garden. Formal in its structure, based on topiary, parterres, a lime walk, formal garden, herb garden, mound and orchard. Informal, in that plants are allowed to “get on with it”, to self-seed and grow where they want to. Wildflowers and even wildlife-beneficial weeds are encouraged to flourish to provide food and shelter for the wildlife. When asked what has influenced her planting styles, JJ replies, the garden designers and plantspeople Piet Oudolf, Mien Ruys, Gertrude Jekyll as well as Peter Rabbit!
The garden uses sculpted hedges and topiary to play with perspectives and to either hide or expose the spectacular views. “When we moved here, there was no garden, just some fine trees. I wanted a garden in front of the house, not a car park. So we put in a formal design of box hedging using the Saltire (the Flag of Scotland) that appears on the doors in the house as a starting point, and then split them again to make eight parterres,” says JJ. This remains the heart of the garden and everything else, in some way, refers back to it to ensure cohesion, though there are many other elements to the rest of the garden, each with their own strong and individual atmosphere.
Garden designer Jill Billington is permitted to show a little favouritism to her very own plot.
“Out of all the gardens I’ve done, I can say I like mine more than any,” she says with pride.
Twelve years ago Jill, also a lecturer and author, took this modest suburban plot in Enfield, North London, and turned it into a handsome garden with year-round good looks. Her highlight is her “precious” miniature woodland, four metres deep. When Jill started the redesign she began with a glass-walled conservatory.
“It was very important for us to look straight onto the garden,”she explained. “You can stand there through the year and the scene changes every day.” Her treasured woodland is the centrepiece of this view, with a string of silver birches breaking up the garden.
“The trees are all wild European silver birch,” says Jill, “but they’re all slightly different, with some slightly weepy, and that whole randomness is a great thing. I deliberately stayed with something that isn’t too flash and, throughout the year, you look at them from the conservatory and there are these gleaming colours. Even when there are no leaves, it’s very striking.”
The woodland helps to divide the garden so that it has a succession of different identities. In front of the trees is a large paved area, big enough for entertaining family and friends and a home to planting troughs. Behind is a lawn and sunny, herbaceous planting, before finally Jill’s sanctuary, a circular enclosed planting of hornbeam hedge.
“It has slits you can see through and it’s where I can escape from the grandchildren!” It also means that the end of the garden isn’t obvious, giving the illusion it’s far bigger than its 18m (60ft) length. Beneath the simple birch silhouettes is a year-round tapestry of underplanting, beginning in spring with the wild daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus. “I grew up in the Lake District,” says Jill, “and I’m a bit of a frustrated country dweller really. I have a lot of those daffodils in spring.”
Joining them is a succession of woodland plants, some donated by friends while others were sourced from Long Acre Plants, Somerset. There are erythroniums, arums, Luzula sylvatica, Geranium sylvaticum ‘Amy Doncaster’ and ‘Nikita’, autumn cyclamen and Anemone hybrida. Jill uses delicately flowered epimediums as edging “they’re neat but not too neat” and has a soft spot for leaf-mould loving martagon lily, Lilium martagon, the huge-leaved Bergenia ciliate and ferns including Dryopteris erythrosora, Polystichum aculeatum and Asplenium scolopendrium. The last earns points for being “a very simple fern that appears glossy and reflective even in shade and looks after itself”.
Because the birch are shallow-rooted, Jill adds several inches of leaf mould and compost every autumn to be sure the ferns and other plants continue to thrive. The garden’s London location means that it’s already fairly sheltered, but Jill has deliberately built up both sides of the plot with a network of evergreens and other shrubs and trees to ensure it has a “quiet and cosy” feel.
“One plant I put in lots of people’s gardens in full shade is the dark red Morello cherry,” says Jill. “It’s a good plant in shade. You can grow it as an espalier and it produces fruit.” For striking winter berries Jill grows the unusual cockspur thorn tree, Crataegus lavalleei ‘Carrierei’. “It’s been terribly slow growing but as well as a pretty leaf, it has striking orange berries and the birds leave it alone.” She also likes the white-berried rowan Sorbus cashmiriana, although after an accidental slicing through of the tree’s roots, she’s in the market for a replacement. The boundary planting means, even in November, it’s difficult to decipher where the fences are. A tall bamboo, Phyllostachys bissetii gives significant screening to one side of the glasshouse but Jillcautions that it must be grown behind a retaining wall. “If I see even a small shoot leaping over I’ll cut it.” Jill also uses Viburnum tinus ‘Eve Price’, mahonia, pyracantha (“they might keep people out but the foxes still jump over them!”) and the grey, woolly-leaved pineapple guava, Acca sellowiana.
This seaside site was once a derelict mussel purification station but now it's been transformed into glorious coastal paradise
It's an idyllic scenario that many of us dream of. A garden next to the sea, with gorgeous outlooks and bracing walks nearby. Somewhere to sit, relax and look out across the ocean. The reality of such a garden, however, is a little different. Coastal gardens look beautiful on still days, but are often a scene of destruction when strong winds blow in from the sea. The salty, sand-laden air mean that plants have to be chosen carefully and need to be as tough as old boots to survive the conditions.
These were some of the trails and tribulations of Jackie Michelmore and her husband, Will, when they first moved to The Lookout, a former industrial site which perches on the east bank of the Exe estuary. It hunkers down behind a belt of thorn and tamarisk that protect it from the worst of the prevailing south westerly winds. Jackie and Will work with the undulating typography of the garden and it's indigenous coastal trees and shrubs.
Jackie says, "The Garden is somewhere that looks like Mother Nature definitely has the upper hand, and the wide range of soil types was an added challenge to planting the garden."
The design of the garden embraces the elements that challenge this exposed location. It's very much a wildlife-friendly garden, with native plants, lots of ornamental grasses and meadow style perennials. The hundreds of plants in situ have been selected and 'sea trialed' for their ability to withstand wind, salt and drought. And, to make life as easy as possible for Jackie, are low maintenance.
The circular walk around the garden takes you from an area of 'jungle planting', through banks of grasses, a wildflower meadow and wildlife pond, into a ferny copse and back through wilder shoreline planting to a Mediterranean courtyard garden. There are lots of vantage points where you can enjoy the views, both inside and outside the garden. GN's own Carol Klein, called it 'truly inspirational'.
A North London plot with a thoroughly modern twist
Spencer Viner is a garden designer and landscape architect with a fascination for Japanese gardens. His small, square garden is his outside room and a place to relax away from the hustle and bustle of North London. However, when he arrived 10 years ago, he inherited rough grass and uninspiring grey concrete paving in equal measures. The plot also had modern garden fencing on three sides, leaving it feeling bare and exposed.
An interest in Japanese gardens, meditation and yoga led him to create an Oriental garden with a thoroughly modern twist. “I didn’t want a cliched Japanese garden, with red bridges and rocks and gravel,” he reveals.
“I wanted to create an urban space, but I also wanted to be experimental and playful because it’s my home.” The first job was to cover the mundane garden fences with marine plywood to create a smooth finish. “It’s painted black, so it’s quite dramatic,” he says. “It gives a feeling of more space, which is counterintuitive because the planting disappears into the shadows, blurring the boundaries.”
It’s also a perfect backdrop for rich-green foliage, and “has definitely deepened the mood of the garden”. Pleached limes were planted in front of the 1.5m (5ft)high fence, all along the perimeter. “The pleached effect looks great through every season and it echoes old horticultural practices,” Spencer says.
A pergola was also added for privacy along with simple seating and dining areas. Spencer’s passion for upcycling materials such as oil drums and water tanks, the rustier the better, helped him furnish the garden cheaply. One of his Japanese maples sits in a rusty oil drum and he also uses Corten steel, a mixture of alloys designed to develop a rusty surface, throughout the garden. The pillars on the pergola have had welding mesh, which has now rusted, wrapped round them which setoff climbing plants such as Vitis vinifera ‘Purpurea’. The mesh circle allows climbers to expand and grow, such as the double, plum-coloured Viticella clematis, ‘Purpurea Plena Elegans’. The dusky flowers pick up the purple house wall, which has a white disc on it representing the full moon. The opposite wall has a corten steel disc symbolising the sun. Broken terracotta pots top the woody plants’ soil surface as a mulch. It is details like this that give the garden year-round interest. Grateful clients give him unwanted items, too, and the Balinese pillar and oak and flint dining table were both presents. The old, putty-coloured, oak table and upright flints, once used for stretching home-spun yarn, provides texture and form, while the bold metal base of the table, consisting of semi-circular rusty hoops, is architectural and modern. It’s topped by a leaden, gourd-shaped pot Spencer spotted at a local garden centre. The Japanese water feature, which looks so authentic with its lizard motif, is made from concrete pipes. These had to be rolled through the house andthen placed one on top of the other, an idea borrowed from garden designer Stephen Woodhams. There are four of these circular structures, all capped in slate tiles, and they help to soften the grid-like design of this small London garden.
This flamboyant and dramatic garden set on a Cornish hillside teams a wealth of thriving exotic plants with a taste of the Med
Being faced with a blank canvas can be daunting. How many of us have switched from dreams of pararie meadows to formal herbaceous borders in a matter of days? When Christine Taylor was faced with the blank canvas of her former livery yard, the choice was clear.
"For some reason I knew I wanted an Italianate-style garden."
How to achieve such a garden wasn't immediately obvious. Christine and her husband Charles first came to this Cornish hillside site, with it's sweeping views of Mount's Bay, to keep horses in the early 1970s. It wasn't until 1900 that they began renovating its 18th century granite barn that was to become their home, simultaneously opening it as a bed and breakfast when work finished a year later. In 2000 the process of landscaping the old stable yard and the ground that surrounded them began.
"I went along to the library," says Christine. "They gave me a beautiful black and white book on Italian gardens which hadn't been taken out since the 1950s. I looked through it, panicked and handed it to garden designer Ian Lowe."
It was Ian who designed the layout of the garden, starting with the courtyard in front of the renovated barn. It's centered around a box parterre and fountain and framed by Canary Island date palms, figs and olive trees. By cutting into the land adding a change of levels, Ian created a raised terrace with what Christine describes as a 'bum high' wall so people can sit with a glass of wine.
By adding a lot of side terraces, Ian created a lot side terraces, Ian created four enclosures from the original yard, and a fun, secretive garden where people must peer around corners to see what comes next.
"It's about getting people to explore and get back in touch with their inner child," she explains.
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While some gardens are designed intentionally to stand out from their surroundings, this isn’t the case with Hill Farm. Created by garden designer Helen Thomas, this garden sits snuggly within the contours of the picturesque Surrey hills. Helen’s love of the natural landscape has resulted in a wealth of different habitats, which look fabulous, encourage wildlife, and come alive throughout every season.
“I love natural combinations, like those that you can see all over this area of Surrey,” says Helen.“I’ve tried to make a garden that fits in with the fabulous landscape beyond it, with a predominance of grasses and late-flowing perennials and woodland glades.
“I like to create structure using trees, hedges and en masse plantings, including plenty of native species,” she adds. “The plants are all tough and can survive pretty much anything thrown at them, as well as all weather conditions.”
She has created distinct areas that are all different by using the garden’s natural contours, and these provide a journey around the garden, linked together with grassy paths. “There are no ‘garden rooms’ as such, but each area has a different feel due to the nature of the conditions present,” says Helen. Wildlife is very important to both Helen and her husband Martin. They keep everything as simple as possible with natural habitats, such as a wildlife pond full of dragonflies, newts and frogs, woodland with a winding walkway, and wildflower meadows. These are gathered seamlessly together by adjoining flowing borders, packed with grasses and perennials and brimming with harmonious colours and numerous textures.
“I love the pond, which is always packed full of wildlife. This area of the garden feels more hidden and is always wonderfully cool,” she says. Numerous dogwoods (cornus) are planted around the back of the pond and down the slope to the pond area, where their fiery stems always catch the low winter sun and ‘glow like fireworks’, according to Helen. These include a mix of Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’, with red stems, Cornus sericea ‘Flaviramea’, with yellow-green stems and Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’, with glowing orange stems. These set off the gleaming white bark of the silver birch, Betula utilis ‘Grayswood Ghost’. The garden is now very,different to the one the couple moved into in 1997. It has only been developed since 2008, when Helen started a garden design course at Painshill Park, Surrey. Then it was mostly a blank canvas of meadow grass and a few very old apple trees and boundary hedges.
“There was very little planting,” Helen remembers. “But it had a lovely open feel to it and its original contours have remained largely intact. I wanted the garden to retain a lot of the original open spaces, as well as open up all the views from the house, create interest for every
season and to blend into the landscape beyond.”
This warm and sheltered ancient garden in surrey provides the perfect microclimate for a year round display.
Stokes House in Ham lies halfway between Richmond Park and the River Thames, an area that until 150 years ago was full of orchards. The walled garden still contains two ancient mulberry trees, Morus nigra, that drip with fruit every autumn. They may have been planted in the mid-18th century, when the original farmhouse was given a Georgian makeover and renamed Stokes House. Rachel and Peter Lipscomb moved here in 1997, with three or four hundred pots containing snippets of plants propagated from their old garden in East Mosely, Rachel, who is the real gardener of the pair, explains:
"The house has been rented out for seven or eight years, so the garden had fallen into disrepair. When we started digging we discovered the remains of the buildings and paths, so we dug up lots of brickwork and York stone, which we've reused in the garden. The Brick Garden, full of grasses, hemerocallis and nerines, has paths made from the reclaimed brick, and the York stone was added to the terrace."
Once the garden was cleared and the hard landscape laid, Rachel began to create the garden.
"Ham has a semi-rural environment so I wanted a country feel and having mature trees and high warm brick walls helped enormously," she says. "In summer we can't see another house."
It's a real family home and Rachel and Peter's grandchildren make full use of the garden, celebrating birthdays and helping out during open days by taking visitors down their favourite secret pathways.
"They can't come to any harm here. But they can still get lost in the garden," Rachel says.
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A virtual ruin when they bought it in 1984, the farmhouse that Caroline and Jonathan Peacock found themselves newly responsible for had no real garden. “It was just a mess of nettles and thistles,” remembers Caroline.
But the pair spotted the plot’s potential, nestled as it was among farmer’s fields with one solitary apple tree standing proud among the grass and weeds. Fast-forward more than 30 years and the space has been transformed into a garden fit for a truly special celebration. The couple’s eldest son Rupert and his new wife Susi chose it as the spot for their wedding reception when they married last month.
“I love colour,” says Caroline, as she describes the beds that surround her, studded with golden coreopsis, pale blue, showy agapanthus and vivid lupins.
“I hear it’s fashionable to have all-green gardens at the moment with a lot of structural elements, but because this is an old farmhouse, it seems to suit a more-or-less cottage garden. I’ve always been conscious of the farmland all around and so try to blend the edges of the garden with it.”
Ravensford Farm attracts some hefty winds, but Caroline wanted to steer clear of conifers as a solution. Instead, the couple invited the Woodland Trust to help them plant a small collection of native trees to the west of their plot. Oak, ash, rowan, holly and hawthorn saplings went in, and are now well developed. Caroline is introducing more and more under-planting. “There is now a carpet of primroses and wood anemones and all sorts of varieties of hellebore. We’ve created a whole area of shade- loving plants.” Canny detective work helped direct some of their planting, explains Caroline. “One area near an old barn, where cattle were kept, had very acidic soil. So that was an obvious place to grow rhododendrons and azaleas. That was a case of the soil leading us to what to plant.”
Otherwise, the Peacocks discovered the garden was blessed with a fertile, clay-based soil, which helped get the plot off to a flying start. The family dug in a pond and incorporated large pieces of local limestone that they found dotted around the garden into the design too. Some of the stone was used to create what the family affectionately refer to as ‘the Flintstone seat’ – still going strong after more than 20 years. And a local sculptor, Graeme Hopper, was also enlisted to create a dramatic piece in iron of bulrushes for the edge of the Peacocks’ pond, actually in the water.
While Caroline’s heleniums are over now, some roses and clematis are going strong, a result of her commitment to plant for year-round interest.
“Some of the rowan and crab apple trees are producing fruit now, which is lovely. Generally, it’s wonderful to have plants that colour up in autumn. I’m looking forward to my Michaelmas daisies and hamamelis, which like a flowering jasmine. I love the garrya bush too, which produces beautiful, great long tassels. They are quite striking earlier on in the year. Then, we have tonnes of snowdrops and primroses, which just seem to love this garden.”
In another spot, Lysimachia clethroides, also known as gooseneck loosestrife, produces white spikes of flowers that are bent like a goose’s neck. Caroline also counts among her favourites Hoheria sexstylosa ‘Stardust’, which unleashes masses of white, fragrant flowers from around July, and Salix boydii, a miniature Scot’s willow.
“We’ve been opening the garden for 19 years,” she says. “We have a wonderful gardener, Vanessa, who has been with us for 10 years and I think open day is her favourite day of the year. It’s just lovely to have the garden full of people who are genuinely interested and who appreciate what we’ve created. Vanessa works very hard all year and we’re a great team together. Fortunately for me, she’s very interested in raising plants, both from seeds and from cuttings. There are always magical things happening in the greenhouse. That’s her domain!”
Caroline recommends urging children to get involved in creating a garden to give them a sense of ownership as well as achievement. “One of our daughters made a fire pit for a barbecue one summer, with stones all around it, and we’ve used it ever since. Another of our daughters told me she was bored one day so I told her to go and mow some paths through the wood. Those have remained ever since, too!”
The Peacocks’ five children are now aged between 33 and 41, and three grandchildren have been added to the family, aged 10, eight and three months old. The marquee from Rupert’s wedding reception may have been taken down and the confetti dusted from the lawn, but the garden has already played host to a multitude of happy occasions over the years, and Caroline is keen that it will remain at the heart of family life.
“We’ve celebrated a lot here,” she says. “There are so many memories in this garden. It is a very special place for us.”
This peaceful, shady, Lincolnshire garden has an ever-increasing range of unusual plantings and a surprise around every corner
One question gardeners often get asked is: "What can I plant in a shady garden?" The usual answer is a list of plants, but perhaps it should be "Go and visit Woodlands!"
This tranquil shady garden is full interest, lots of unusual plants and has a surprise around every corner. "We're constantly told by visitors that the garden is peaceful," Bob says. "Situated at the far end of a lane with little traffic and a backdrop of trees, the overriding noise is that of birdsong."
When this plantaholic couple ,over to the house in 2000, there was no original plan on how to develop the garden there still isn't!
"It evolves every year, as we try to grow an ever-increasing range of plants," says Bob. "Our philosophy is, if we come across something we don't know and it looks interesting, then we try to grow it."
When they arrived the garden compromised of large trees and elderly shrubs, a lot of grass with tiny island beds that would have taken hours to edge around, concrete and a veg garden. How things have changed.
"To some extent we were helped by nature. When several trees blew down in a gale, we realized we could create a woodland garden and started planting many unusual shade loving plants. That was our light bulb moment!" explained Bob.
They also joined up all the island beds and added lots of perennials and shrubs, as well as planting several more interesting trees.
The concrete was broken up enough to make a pond and the couple found large pieces of flint which they used to create a flint scree garden by the house. This is now full of diorama (angels's fishing rod.) Originally, that bed house alpines plants. The veg garden was converted into a plant nursery, as well as housing their Plant Heritage National Collection of codonopis.
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Moving just 15 miles transported this Somerset couple to a different country as far as their plants were concerned...
Would you move for a microclimate, or buy a house for a rose? Nicky and David Ramsey were living 1,000ft up on Exmoor making a garden from stones and ferns when they discovered a mere 20 minutes in the car transported them to a different country as far as plants were concerned.
The area between Porlock and Porlock Wier, on the north Somerset coast, has been luring plant lovers for over a century thanks to its free draining soil and mild maritime environment.
“The first thing I saw when I came to up the drive was a colossal Rosa odorata ‘Mutabillis’ and it’s the reason I bought the house!”
“After eight years of gardening in a harsh climate, it has been such a miraculous release. It’s a joy to grow anything you want here”
What they brought was an Arts and Crafts House overlooking the sea, with formal stone terraces and borders, a camellia walk copse and ponds. The garden has been loved with a fantastic range of unusual shrubs from drimys to myrtle and eucryphia, but had become overgrown and crowded.
“The downside of a garden like this,” says Nicky, “is that everything romps away quickly and unless you keep on top, you’re soon in a jungle.”
A field behind the house has become David’s domain. It’s planted with an orchid wildflower meadow and vegetable plot. With an interest in beekeeping, many of his plant choices are led by what benefits the insects. The other side of the garden is distinctly Nicky’s and she has concentrated on softening the very linear Edwardians Arts and Crafts terraces by adding more herbaceous elements and lots of roses. They’re grown without chemicals and Nicky takes care to remove black spots, feed them properly and plant resistant varieties. The protected climate means that by September there’s a raft of plants finding their stride with salvias, agapanthus, nerines and amaryllis all playing a part as well as autumn colour from shrubs such as acers.
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A garden inspired by foreign holidays creates a lush and colourful space nurtured by the gentler climes of Cornwall
It really was a question of 'Home or Away' for Kathleen Ward when she retired from her teaching post in the North of England 10 years ago. She thought about heading for warmer climes in the Mediterranean, inspired by holidays in Crete and Italy. However, she finally settled on the Roseland Peninsula in Cornwall, one of the mildest areas of England.
Once there, she set about creating her own Mediterranean paradise on a sheltered site close to the River Fal. It’s a five minute drive from the Cornish coast and, as a result, she’s able to grow lots of tender plants most of us can only dream of.
Although she has always been a keen gardener, finding out what would grow in Cornwall was a sharp learning curve. She began by visiting garden centres and local gardens to see what they were selling and growing. Trelissick, Glendurgan and Trebah were all inspirational, and encouraged Kathleen to come up with an adventurous, Mediterranean-style planting scheme, inspired by those foreign holidays that nearly lured her away from her home soil.
Kathleen spends time in the garden most days and in the summer she’s pruning and retraining her Mediterranean foliage plants to keep them in shape. Her main pruning and shaping is done in January, because winters are generally mild here and the growth spurt starts in February. She has planted 12 olive trees in the ground and “they’re all different shapes and sizes. One’s being trained into a weeping bush,” Kathleen adds. “Another has a large trunk and is about 50 years old. So far, there’s only been the odd fruit, though.” She also has a lemon, an orange and a clementine growing in pots near her kitchen door. “I’ve only had them for four years, but they’re quite large and they all fruit. Last winter I only had to cover them once.”
There’s a touch of the Orient in this garden, too, and Kathleen is delighted with her weeping pagoda tree (Sophora japonica ‘Pendula’), a Japanese tree often planted close to temples. It does well in this warm garden, and in winter the multi-stemmed contours are very architectural. The contorted black locust tree, named Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Twisty Baby’, is also sensational in winter light once the dark green foliage, which ripples over the almost stunted branches, has fallen.
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With clever use of decking and retaining walls, this lush garden in Bedfordshire shows how you can make a slope an attractive feature
A sloping Kate Gardner and her husband Andrew are not people who do things by halves. When they took over their plot from Andrew’s parents more than 20 years ago it was a steeply sloping old smallholding. “It was almost a junkyard,” says Kate. “Overgrown holly trees surrounded the plot and the soil was unpromising, just Walls and waterfalls add colour and life to steep drops in the garden Left, banks of beds make the most of the sloping gardens. Right, Kate loves the flexibility of pot plants like orange builders’ sand. In places it was only 10cm (4in) deep over large sandstone boulders, so it wasn’t a garden for the faint-hearted!”
Today the garden couldn’t be more different. The couple removed an incredible 40 lorry loads of soil to build their house and, while they were at it, reconfigured the slope. Their generously-sized deck is an object lesson in how to deal with a garden on sandy soil that slopes steeply up from the house. By excavating a large area close to the back of the property, they created a wonderful, useable space to sit and enjoy the garden. The other advantage of this excavation is that when it rains water drains towards this area, giving it a cooler, lusher feel than the rest of the plot. Kate can now grow moisture-loving plants such as astrantias.
The first thing that visitors often remark on is the waterfall, which gives an impressive ‘wow’ factor to the garden. It’s also a clever way of dealing with the really steep drop that was made when the level area by the house was created. A stainless steel cascade creates the illusion of water and gives beautiful reflections even when the water isn’t running. Kate says that if she’s learned one lesson in her two decades at Dragon’s Glen, it’s that you can’t skimp on soil preparation. “As many gardeners know, sandy soil is ‘hungry’ soil, so to help the plants along, we spread between four and eight cubic metres of compost or well-rotted horse manure every autumn.
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Gardener: Renata Hume
Location: 10 Cross Street, Letchworth
Garden City, Hertfordshire SG6 4UD
Open: August 29, for the NGS, 2-5pm.
More info: www.cyclamengardens.com
With three levels and a circular theme, Renata Hume’s little slice of woodland is a garden for all seasons, with potted plants aplenty
Renata Hume’s garden is all about three things – levels, circles and greenery – facts that strike you the moment you step into her own little patch of Hertfordshire. The garden slopes down away from the house, and is terraced on three levels. Each level consists of a grassy circle, connected by steps and a path, edged with bricks or paving stones and borders that flow around them and down.
“I have always liked circular designs,” she tells us. “They help make the garden look bigger, they have a much softer look and feel than the harsh edges of squares and rectangles and I didn’t want the garden to look too regimented.”
The first, or top, circle has an old pear tree, which is now left to its own devices and is loved by birds and bees, as it also supports a honeysuckle. Around its base is a mini hedge, which is – you guessed it – circular.
The middle circle is the smallest and has a more enclosed feel about it. This also contains two old trees, an apple and another pear. The south-facing border here is the garden’s main herbaceous perennial planting area.
The third circle has the most open and spacious atmosphere, with a large apple tree in one corner, a hexagonal greenhouse and a metal pergola, over which grow old varieties of apples to form Renata’s ‘apple walk’, leading to the summerhouse. The garden is L-shaped and, from that circle, you turn a corner to Renata’s ‘powerhouse’ working area, which is not obviously visible from the main body of the garden.
“We were told that there was an orchard here before the land was divided into plots and the houses built in 1904, as part of the Cheap Cottages Exhibition being opened in the then new Letchworth Garden City – the world’s first garden city,” says Renata. “Looking at our neighbouring gardens, it’s easy to see where the trees grew in lines. We’re lucky to still have several of them and I think it’s awe-inspiring that they still produce wonderful fruit for us to enjoy after more than 100 years.”
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Inspired by a love of the natural world and working in harmony with the seasons, nature takes centre stage in this wildlife haven.
Gardeners: Julia and Martyn Faulconbridge/Location: 5 Burton Lane, Whatton in the Vale, Notts
To call Julia and Martyn Faulconbridge’s garden ‘wildlife-friendly’ would be to somewhat undersell it. Their plots, a vegetable patch in front of their home and an action-packed ornamental garden to the back, welcome wildlife in with open arms. The couple have lived in their Nottinghamshire cottage for 32 years and to them gardening just doesn’t make sense unless done in close collaboration with the natural world.
When they first moved in the garden was mainly lawn, sloping and unterraced, with plenty of room for experimentation. So did they have a grand plan? “We never have had a plan and we still don’t,” says Julia with a smile. “We like to change things around and play with the design. I’ve even been known to move plants in high summer once I’ve decided I no longer like where they are.”
They began by creating terracing to make a feature of the plot’s shifting gradient and set about bringing a cottage-style garden to life, inspired after reading books by the likes of renowned garden designers Gertrude Jekyll and Margery Fish. It has taken shape over the years and is now “what I would probably call a modern-style cottage garden,” says Julia. She garden which shows amazing imagination, quite apart from fantastic skill,” she says.
The Faulconbridge’s garden is designed to be productive and attractive, but also a welcoming home for wildlife, so the couple run a largely organic plot, avoiding pesticides and fungicides and fertilising with compost and organic manures and mulches. “The only exception to our rule is the use of spot applications to bindweed as this is a real problem we’re trying to eradicate,” explains Julia. The couple have created a range of habitats: a ‘woodland’ edge, log and leaf piles, a dry stone wall, pond and even a sedum roof. A huge range of species have taken up the Faulconbridge’s offer of accommodation.
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